Prolotherapy is used as one of the last resorts for strengthening damaged ligaments and tendons that are painful and continually lax. It is not for everyone and is a therapy option that is best determined by a physician with extensive knowledge of orthopedics.
Prolotherapy involves the injection of a solution made of dextrose and sodium morrulate or a mixture of dextrose, glycerin and phenol. The solution causes local irritation, which in turn causes fibroblasts (specialized blood cells) that lay down more collagen to strengthen tissues.
This procedure can be used for a Grade 2 sprain, which presents with moderate laxity and may take a long time to heal (causing weakness and elongation, thereby disrupting normal biomechanics of movement). Prolotherapy is not indicated for a complete tear because these generally require surgery.
If you are interested in pain management alternatives to medicine therapies, please schedule a consultation with Dr. Neleson at either his Frisco, TX or Sherman, TX offices by calling 214-618-6852.